vampire bat scientific name

    2008-04-10 23:53:46 2008-04-10 23:53:46. Vampire bats prefer human blood. Three extant bat species feed solely on blood: the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus), the hairy-legged vampire bat (Diphylla ecaudata), and the white-winged vampire bat (Diaemus youngi). Snakes co-opt a non-heat-sensitive channel, vertebrate TRPA1 (transient receptor potential cation channel A1), to produce an infrared detector. [32] It usually occurs between females and their offspring, but it is also significant between adult females. Phyllostoma rotundus Desmodus rufus. Average score for this quiz is 5 / 10. Location: The Desert. [40] Typically, within two hours of setting out in search of food, the common vampire bat returns to its roost and settles down to spend the rest of the night digesting its meal. 35.627510781751, -79.757441394032. The common vampire bat is a small, leaf-nosed bat native to the Americas. Chiroptera is the order which consists of bats, the only mammals capable of powered flight. Its conservation status is categorized as Least Concern by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) because of "its wide distribution, presumed large population tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, and because it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category. [26] Male offspring tend to live in their natal groups until they are one to two years old, sometimes being forced out by the resident adult males.[26]. They have a wide mouth that opens up and shows their teeth, maki… [3] Its dental formula is 1.1.2.01.1.3.0, for a total of 18 teeth. Its wingspan is between 35-40 cm and it weighs 30-40 grams. Scientific name: Desmodus draculae. Scientific synonyms. Social grooming in the common vampire bat, Desmodus rotundus. More >> IUCN category: Least Concern . [3] The young are raised primarily by the females. Name: Vampire bats. Scientific Classification Common Name common vampire bat, vampire bat Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Mammalia Order Chiroptera (hand wing) Family Phyllostomidae Subfamily Desmodontidae (bundle tooth) Genus Species Desmodus (bundle tooth) rotundus (round) Fast Facts Description Pointed ears; longer thumb (in comparison to other true vampire bats); 20 teeth, with … Three extant bat species feed solely on blood: the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus), the hairy-legged vampire bat (Diphylla ecaudata), and the white-winged vampire bat (Diaemus youngi). He not only stuck up for Desmodus rotundus, the scientific name for the most common vampire bat, but described the animals as boons to humanity. Binomial name: Megaderma spasma, Carolus Linnaeus, 1758. Most observed food sharing (70%) was mothers feeding their pups. [25] Female offspring often remain in their natal groups. [8][9] The three species resemble each other, but the common vampire bat can be distinguished by its longer thumb. Individuals that spend their own energy as a social investment of sorts are more likely to thrive, and higher rates of survival incentivize the behavior and reinforce the importance of large social networks in colonies. The extinct Stock’s vampire bat was twenty percent larger than the modern common vampire bat, which suggests it preyed on larger animals. Vampire bats (Desmodus rotundus) are bats that feed on blood. Mammals of the World, 3rd Edition. The basic social structure of roosting bats is made of ‘harems’. "Behavior and Maintenance of Captive White-Winged Vampire Bats, "The Social Organization of the Common Vampire Bat II: Mating system, genetic structure, and relatedness", "Does food sharing in vampire bats demonstrate reciprocity?". [33], As noted by Arthur M. Greenhall:.mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, The most common species, the common vampire (Desmodus) is not fastidious and will attack any warm-blooded animal. The common vampire bat is found in parts of Mexico, Central America, and South America. [1], The three known species of vampire bats all seem more similar to one another than to any other species. Like fruit-eating bats, and unlike insectivorous and fish-eating bats, they emit only low-energy sound pulses. Desmodus stocki, or Stock’s Vampire Bat, is an extinct relative of the extant common vampire bat, Desmodus rotundus. [18] The young accompany their mothers to hunt at six months, but are not fully weaned until nine months. ", "Antiphonal calling allows individual discrimination in white-winged vampire bats", "How vampires evolved to live on blood alone", "How Vampire Bats Can Survive on a Diet of Blood", "Peru battles rabid vampire bats after 500 people bitten", http://www.si.edu/Encyclopedia_SI/nmnh/batfacts.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vampire_bat&oldid=991146575, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, They evolved from frugivorous bats with sharp teeth specialized for piercing fruit, They initially fed on insects that were attracted to the wounds of animals, and then progressed to feeding on the wounds, They initially preyed on small arboreal vertebrates, They were arboreal omnivores themselves and began ingesting blood and flesh from wound sites of larger animals, They were specialized nectar-feeders that evolved to feed on another type of liquid. Desmodus rotundus. I know the (given) scientific name for humans are homo sapiens, werewolves ar homo lupus, so what is the scientific name for vampires? Bat Scientific Name. The inferior colliculus, the part of the bat's brain that processes sound, is well adapted to detecting the regular breathing sounds of sleeping animals that serve as its main food source. [18][20] Vampire bats will roost with about 45 other bat species,[3] and tend to be the most dominant at roosting sites. They are able to distinguish different optical patterns and may use vision for long-range orientation. Size Body 3.5in (9cm) Wingspan 7 in. Vampire bats hunt only when it is fully dark. Vampire bats, species of the subfamily Desmodontinae, are leaf-nosed bats found in Central and South America. This poses a problem, so when a bat fails to find food, it will often "beg" another bat for food. A nucleus has been found in the brain of vampire bats that has a similar position and similar histology to the infrared receptor of infrared-sensing snakes. The Common Vampire Bat is the most common of several vampire species. A related unique adaptation of vampire bats is the sharing of food. [18] Female offspring usually remain in their natal groups into adulthood, unless their mothers die or move. Recent analyses suggest that vampire bats arose from insectivores, which discount the frugivore, carnivore, and nectarivore hypotheses of origin. [12] The braincase is relatively large, but the snout is reduced to accommodate large incisors and canines. The common vampire bat feeds primarily on mammalian blood, particularly that of livestock such as cattle and horses. [4][5] Common Name: Vampire Bat. Schutt, W. A., Jr. 1998. In the most common scenario, the flea bites a bat, which in-turn passes the virus on to humans and other mammals. The bat's saliva, left in the victim's resulting bite wound, has a key function in feeding from the wound. Macroderma gigas. Vampire bats (scientific name: Desmodus) are the generic name of all species of vampire bats in the Bat family. [5][6] One feeds only on the blood of mammals; the other two species prefer the blood of birds. Vampire bats are in a diverse family of bats that consume many food sources, including nectar, pollen, insects, fruit and meat. Range North America and South America. From an ecological perspective, bats are quite important as they facilitate pollination as well as seed dispersal. The species is highly polygynous, and dominant adult males defend groups of females. Vampire Bat 101: Home Adaptations Specifices Pictures and Interesting Facts Survey Scientific Name The scientific name for the vampire bat is Desmodus rotundus. [7] However, the common vampire bat feeds on mammalian blood more than the other two species, which primarily feed on that of birds. Common name i: Vampire bat: Synonym i-Other names i ›common vampire bat: Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i … Desmodus rotundus (Vampire bat) Status. [3] It has the fewest teeth among bats. They range in size from 4.0 to 13.5 cm (1.6 to 5.3 in) in head-body length, and can weigh from 7 to 200 g (0.25 to 7.05 oz). Submitted name: Draculin-1. At first, Pawan's finding that bats transmitted rabies to people and animals were thought fantastic and were ridiculed. It is one of three extant species of vampire bat, the other two being the hairy-legged and the white-winged vampire bats. Behavior: Tend to live in colonies of 100 or so animals, but may reach 1,000 individuals. Vampire bats have small bodies, no exposed tails and dark brown coats. If you're still stuck for inspiration try out some of the other pet name generators (links at the bottom of this page), you'll find many names work for many different animals. These three species compose the "true" vampire bats, as opposed to the "false" vampires of the family Megadermatidae and the spectral bat. Chiropteran hindlimb morphology and the origin of blood-feeding in bats. [18][19], A vampire bat has front teeth that are specialized for cutting and the back teeth are much smaller than in other bats. Though vampire bats are the most well-known, there are only three species of bat that use another animal’s blood as food. There are three species of vampire bats. They range in Central to South America and live in arid to humid, tropical and subtropical areas. [24] The only other known vertebrates capable of detecting infrared radiation are boas, pythons and pit vipers, all of which have pit organs. Genus: Desmodus Species: rotundus. 1988. (18) Habitat South America and central America. All three species are native to the Americas, ranging from Mexico to Brazil, Chile, Uruguay and Argentina. The Vampire Bat is a small species of Bat, native to the tropics of Central and South America. Nose. Vampire bats feed exclusively on the blood of living animals and are thus the only true parasites among mammals. Download Zoo Map. There are three recognised sub-species of Vampire Bat, all of which are in a genus of their own despite their obvious similarities. More than 1,200 species are currently recognized, and many Mothers leave their young to hunt, and call their young to feed upon returning. [10], A description published under the name Desmodus puntajudensi (Cuban vampire bat) by Woloszyn and Mayo in 1974 was later recognized as synonymous with this species. The basic social structure of roosting bats is made of female groups and their offspring, a few adult males, known as "resident males", and a separate group of males, known as "nonresident males". For equally familiar bats, the predictive capacity of reciprocity surpasses that of relatedness. Preferred Names. ", This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 14:40. Diet Meat/carnivores. The common vampire bat feeds primarily on the blood of mammals (occasionally including humans), whereas both the hairy-legged vampire bat and white-winged vampire bat feed primarily on the blood of birds. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Mythologies about vampires existed long before the bats got their name. Even though bat bites themselves aren't harmful, vampire bats can spread a disease called rabies. In 1810, vampire bats were officially described in scientific literature and were documented in 1839 by Darwin. Vampire Bat. Desmodus rotundus. There are three species of vampire bats. What is the vampire bat's scientific name? [43] Only 0.5% of bats carry rabies, and those that do may be clumsy, disoriented, and unable to fly.[44]. The common vampire bat was first described as Phyllostoma rotundum by Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in 1810. Scientific name i: Desmodus rotundus: Taxonomy navigation › Desmodus. Common vampire bat. Answer. [30] Joseph Lennox Pawan, a government bacteriologist in Trinidad, found the first infected vampire bat in March 1932. A typical female vampire bat weighs 40 grams and can consume over 20 grams (1 fluid ounce) of blood in a 20-minute feed. [27] Mean genetic kinship within roosting groups was low (r = 0.03 − 0.11), but 95% of food sharing observed in the wild occurred between close kin (first cousins or higher). Tebiwa 18: 39–48. ), Bat biology and conservation: 157–168. [3] Mating usually lasts three to four minutes; the male bat mounts the female from the posterior end, grasps her back with his teeth, holds down her folded wings, and inseminates her. Other mammals mammals capable of leaping in various directions, heights, and South America a.. It feeds on livestock and is a carrier of rabies in the saliva [ ]! 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